Roti, Chapati (Flat Indian Bread)

Roti, Chapati (Flat Indian Bread)


Roti also known as Chapati or Fulka, is Indian flat bread made with whole wheat flour. In North India, roti is part of the main meal. Roti is served with a variety of cooked vegetables, lentils, and yogurt.
4.34 from 6 votes
Prep Time 5 minutes
Cook Time 10 minutes
Total Time 15 minutes
Course Main Course
Cuisine Indian
Servings 2 people


  • 1/2 cup whole-wheat flour chapati ka atta
  • 1/8 tsp salt
  • 1/4 cup water use as needed
  • 1/4 cup whole wheat flour for rolling the roti
  • 2 tbspa clarified butter or ghee for buttering the roties


  • Mix flour, salt, and water to make soft dough, adding water as needed. Knead the dough for about one minute on a lightly greased surface to make it smooth and pliable. Cover the dough with a damp cloth and set aside at least ten minutes.
  • Divide the dough into four equal parts. Make smooth balls and press flat. Before rolling the roti press both sides of the ball on a dry floured surface to make them easy to roll.
  • Roll to form a six-inch-diameter circle. Use just enough dry flour to roll the roti, as too much flour will make them dry. If the dough sticks to the rolling pin or rolling surface, lightly dust the rotis with dry flour.
  • Heat an iron or heavy skillet on medium high heat. To test, sprinkle a few drops of water on the skillet. If the water sizzles right away, the skillet is ready. Place the one roti into the skillet. When the roti start to change color and start puffing flip it over. There will be some golden brown spots.
  • Flip again after a few seconds. Using a flat spatula, press lightly on the puffed parts of the roti. This will help the roti puff up. Flip the roti again, until it has light golden-brown spots on both sides.
  • Repeat the same process for remaining roties. Butter the roti, the side that is facing the skillet.
  • Place the rotis in a container lined with a paper towel. Cover the container after each roti.


Roti can be kept outside for up to 2 days wrapped in aluminum foil or in a closed container. For later use, roti can be refrigerated for 5-6 days. Re-heat in a skillet
Keyword Chapati, Fulka, Healthy, Roti, Whole Wheat Bread
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311 thoughts on “Roti, Chapati (Flat Indian Bread)

  1. Aunty…what flour do you use for making rotis? Also where did you get your iron skillet… looks so good. Any advantage of rolling rotis on a silicone mat. Thank you for the detailed recipe… would love to learn from you!

  2. When we were working in Saudi Arabia we learned to love these Indian breads from the many Indians working there. We brought back an electric Chapati maker that presses the Chapatis flat and cooks them at the same time. This is a great timesaver.

  3. hi, im very sensitive about calories so i was calculating for all 4 rotis and ended up with 260 calories, i was wondering how many grams is it for one roti, since i lost my scale, so i can figure out the calories for one of them

  4. 5 stars
    Hello Manjula,

    I cannot digest wheat flour. Can I use bread flour for this recipe? Will butter work for this recipe or is the ghee an absolute for this recipe?

  5. Thank you so much for your wonderful recipes! I recently moved to a small city in Wisconsin that doesn’t have any Indian restaurants so I’m trying to learn how to cook my favorite dishes myself– your website has made it so much easier (and more fun). My roti turned out perfectly! Thank you again, your website is an amazing resource.

  6. Hello Manjula,

    First off thank you very much for this website. Your recipes are a staple in our house.

    My Grandmother used to make chapatis everyday. I have great memories of her sitting on the floor with her ingredients and rolling board all around her. When she would roll them out she had a particular technique that I was wondering if you were familiar with. She would roll it out about half way and then brush the surface with a very thin layer of ghee. She would then fold the edges into the center like a triangle and then flip it over and roll it out again half way. She would repeat this 3 – 4 times, brushing the surface with ghee and folding the edges into the center before flipping it over and rolling it out. Finally she would roll it out all the way until it was very thin. Then she would put it on the griddle and cook it. Are you familiar with this process of rolling, brushing with ghee, and folding and what was the purpose of it?

  7. Manjula aunty , can you please tell me what you use to roll your chapatti on. It looks like greaseproof paper but how is it taped down on the work surface?

  8. Dear Manjula

    I love your very much your website,i am learning to cook with you!

    I try many time to make roti like yours and it doesn´t puff up. I just don’t know what I am doing wrong ?
    I need help.

    thank you!!

  9. hello manjula. i tried your recipe by using 1/2 cup flour and had used only 1/2 cup of water, the batter turned into runny paste. added more flour but the dough remained somewhat sticky and very soft. my rotis did not puff up and turned into papad ( iguess due to over cooking) ? please help ! thank you

  10. I want to make 60 chapatis for the party. And i want to make first row chapatis at a time and then i want to bake on Gas.. So how can i do this. I tried with plastic inner but it’s not working..Do u have any more suggestions

  11. I just came across this and followed your instructions to make the perfect chapati! I used Golden Temple whole wheat atta flour and they came out almost exactly like my Indian mom would make back in Udaipur. Thank you for posting!

  12. I really love watching and learning from you Manjula. You have taught me many new ways to prepare foods which are of a completely different culture than mine. I would love to see your family actually eat the foods you prepare, so I know how to serve it correctly.

    I have only had authentic Indian food once before. When I lived in Ontario Canada. There was a small Indian Takeout Restaurant, I would order a stuffed Roti? It was amazing! This was a super spicy thick curry stew, of eggplant, potato, squash, onion, chickpeas all wrapped up in a fresh made Roti, served good and hot. I was hoping maybe you could tell me what this is called in your country, and if you have a recipe like this to share with us? Maybe it wasn’t authentic, I don’t really know? I just know it was absolutely delicious, and would love to have it again.

    Today I am trying making your recipe for Chapati , and I’m going to make your Chole Palak as well. Thank you for all your easy to follow videos. I look forward to trying many of them!

  13. Dear Manjula

    I love your website,i am learning to cook with you!

    I try to make roti with whole wheat flour but my flour is very dry,i need to add oil to make it smooth.

    And it doesn´t puff up like yours.

    What am i doing wrong? do you use a special flour? or my flour is bad?

    thank you!!

  14. The video atates to use 1/2 cup flour and 1/2 cup warm water. That is wrong–the recipe states 1/4 cup warm water. I tried it like the video indicated and ended up with paste.

  15. Thanks For presenting this video. I have made Roti’s on and off for many years always tasty but not always able to get them rise well. I used you method and everyone of them puffed up beautiful.
    You seem so sweet, all the best to you and your family over the holiday season and the new year.
    Thanks again,

  16. Hi Aunty,

    I want to know, what sheet u r using to roll roti. because in america i am not getting proper (flat surface )thing to roll my roti.
    U r my inspiration for cooking. and i am new to cooking.
    Thanks for ur videos.

  17. When I first made ​​my turn came about countries. Today I did again and I came out much better and smoother. But I was not swollen all around swell as you. Why?

  18. Hi,

    I noticed you mention using a skillet, the roti do not puff nearly enough for me that way. I start on the skillet then put them on the gas stove so they puff up. If you are having trouble with your roti, I suggest this method. Fire is best to cook them in my opinion.

  19. Hello!
    Im trying to live a more healthier way of living and I saw your recipe and I thought it would be good for my diet and also my budget.

    Im kinda new at cooking and I tried all purpose flour instead of using a commercialized one, was it a bad idea? and is it suppose to be somewhat soft or gooey in form or did i mess it up?

  20. I tried making this last night and only the last one turned out. The other three wouldn’t puff up properly and ended up just like crackers. I also wasn’t able to roll them out to be quite as big as yours.
    I think there are two things that prevented the roti from turning out: one, I probably didn’t knead enough, and 2, the pan wasn’t hot enough. Also, I’m in America and the gluten in our wheat is different from European flours; I imagine it would be very different from Indian flour. American flour has elastic gluten as opposed to plastic gluten; it stretches and bounces back rather than stretching and staying there. Am I right about what happened to my roti?

      1. Okay. Thank you for replying so promptly! I’ll try again tonight with another one of your curry recipes. I made your chole palak the same night as the roti and it turned out amazing. Thank you for your excellent recipes!

        1. Merci, get some actual chapati flour – it’s all I ever use for Indian bread. It’s different than American style whole wheat flour. The grind is different. I use Golden Temple Durum Atta. I’ve tried using American style whole wheat and even whole wheat pastry flour, they have never worked for me. Any Indian grocer will stock appropriate chapati flours.

          Some tips for making softer chapati/roti from

          Tenderizing dough to make softer breads

          1. The starch in the flour absorbs moisture with heat. Always add warm water (near 100ºF) to make dough.
          2. Lactic acid and fat in the Yogurt tenderize gluten. That’s why buttermilk is added to make ‘biscuits’ in the United States. Replace water in part or whole with Dahi, or Buttermilk to make dough.
          3. Add shortening such as Ghee, butter or even milk to the dough to make it softer. These fats also add to the texture of the dough.
          4. Allow the dough to rest for about 30 minutes at room temperature, to permit the starches and glutens enough time to work through.
          5. If you stored dough in the refrigerator, let it come to room-temperature before rolling, otherwise the gluten will remain stiff resulting in hard bread.

          Many things can cause changes in the results for your chapati. Yesterday I made chapati in the afternoon in the same pan I usually use, then in the evening I thought I would use the cast iron griddle instead. The lunch chapati were fine, the cast iron chapati were awful. I have to relearn how to tell when the cast iron griddle is the right temp, it’s different. So while you’re learning, pick a pan and stick with it.

  21. Hi Aunty,
    I used to eat frozen chapati but I decided to buy chapati flour to save money although it is a little time consuming(for an inexperienced person like me). I made my first chapati, but it didn’t come out as expected. It was dry, yellow in color and had no brown spots.I dont know why this is.Please let me know if you have any idea.I would very much appreciate it.Thank you!!

  22. Hello,

    Where did you get your tavi and on what heat setting have you kept your electric stove? I am used to gas stove but will soon be moving and using electric any tips on using electric stove?

    On what heat setting should I keep it on if i need to make rice which have seperate grains rather than sticky grains.

  23. Hello Manjula,
    I just discoverd your recipes.
    I tried out to make some rotis yesterday. It turned out to be a flop :
    very dry, non puffy..
    I used a brown flour for chapati…
    what’s wrong?
    Thanks for your answer.

    1. I’m with Soraya. My rotis didn’t turn out well either. I used “stone ground” whole wheat flour, which looked browner and coarser than the flour Manjual used in the video. Maybe that was my mistake.

    1. If you’re talking about the large glass dishes then pretty much anywhere! If you mean the smaller ones she uses for spices, I’ve picked up those 3 for a $1 at the local dollar store (Dollarama, in this case).

  24. You can make it with any type of flour, but depending on the type of flour, you may need less or more water is the only major difference. Whole wheat flours need more water than standard flour, so you need to know when to stop based on the consistency of the dough. Just like you have to make adjustments to the water based on your altitude.

  25. hi Manjula,
    thank you so much for the recipes, so i wonder if is possible that i don’t use the whole-wheat flour but i use the strong flour or soft flour or even plaint flour? thanks ^^

  26. Hello, Dear Manjula,
    Thank you so much for this site and all the recipes. I’ve been using them for over a year now.
    But I’ve encountered a problem when making roties: they don’t puff up like yours on the video. I don’t know whats the problem: tried to roll them thiner-the same, thicker-the same; tried to cook over medium flame-same result as over high flame. I made a batch yesterday and today, they taste good, but I don’t think a good as yours. Please, tell me how you meke them puff like balloons.

  27. Hello Manjula,

    I have a question. I recently made roti with a bit chunkier flour than usual, and my rotis turned out chewy! Has this happened to you? Does this just happen with coarse flour, or should I use a bit more water and let it sit longer?

    Thank you.

  28. Hi bleached or unbleached if you want the roti to puff good let the dough get fermented a bit (by leaving the dough for a little while covered with wet cloth) and let the plate get hot enough to make the rotti. [ You can also show the roti direct to the sim flame on your stove, it will help the roti to puff good and if you want you can also split it in to two making the roti sooooooooooooo thin and with good taste]. Happy eating.

  29. I used to spend money buying this from the heath food store, because most have chemicals and preservatives in them in the local Markets.
    Now I can make this at home and my family loves them.
    Thank You,

  30. Thank you Manjula! I made baigan bharta and now I’m going to make rotis, thanks you … I have always loved Indian food but I have never had the confidence to make it myself. Thanks to you, I do now! Please keep making videos!

  31. Hi Manjula Aunty,
    I’ve been using whole wheat unbleached flour for making rotis. It doesnt turn out to be soft. Is unbleached flour the best to use or should we look out for bleached flour?
    Thanks in advance for your reply.

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  33. Dear aunty,

    I love your north Indian curries a lot.

    Even I love having tandoor roti, whenever i want to prepare it i used to bake it on wired pan (papad ka tava) but it will not be like tandoor roti it will be like pulkas. So could you guide me where can i get the stone. Or do you know any other alternate.

    While preparing tandoor roti you mentioned to use the pesai stone. Where shall we get this stone??

  34. Dear Aunty:
    please help. i’ve viewed your video on making chapati many times and you make it look so very easy. but each time i try it out, my dough turns out sticky, and then i end up adding extra flour which makes it hard. Help! what am i doing wrong???

    thanks very much Aunty!

  35. Manjula Aunty,
    I really appreciate your beautiful website. I love you for your simplicity and the delicious recipes that you share. I am a pretty good cook, but when it comes to roti I don’t know what goes wrong. I am not sure what I am doing wrong. Can you tell me what is the secret to soft rotis?

  36. Thanks for this fantastic website. My teenage son is a vegetarian and next year he is going on a trip to India (we live in Australia) where he will have to shop and cook for himself. I’m trying to learn to cook vegetarian Indian cooking so that I can teach him before he goes. I bought a cookbook from, but found all the ingredient bewildering and there were no pictures to show that I was on track. So I was thrilled to try your roti recipe and find it all worked just like in your video! Thanks so much. I’m looking forward to trying other recipe too.

  37. hello aunty,
    can u tell me how to preserve chapathi for a week.
    my plan is to make excess chapathi on weekend,so that on weekdays whn i come home after work,just heat chappati n eat.

  38. Namaste Manjula ji,

    I love your recipes too! I have visited India several times and miss the authentic cuisine I tasted there. I am so happy to see these genuine recipes.

    I have the same problem with getting the rotis to puff. I have tried making these several times. I use chapati flour. I think my rotis come out too hard, but if I make them wetter, they are too sticky to handle. The dough you made looks so silky soft.

    What am I doing wrong, please?

  39. I tried making the roti……I used Whole wheat flour and I tried the unbleached white whole wheat. I did a 1/2 cup flour, a pinch of salt, and 1/4 luke warm water. Mixed and added oil as you said. I let it sit for 10 mins, and I can not get it to puff out!! Any advice?? Am I using the wrong flour? I’ve tried making the roti 5 different times!!

  40. Dear madam,
    i have tried some of your is really good and comes out the way you husband is leaving for france for 2 months.can you suggest some recipes for the 2 months.he will make rice in microwave oven.what should i suppliment him with?

    thank you

  41. Just wondering,
    you said 1 cup of flour, and half cup of water…
    but in the video you used 1 cup of flour, and 1 cup of water… so which is the best way?

  42. Hello Aunty,

    I love your recipes! I just had one question about the roti recipe. On your website it says if you want to make 8 rotis to use 1 c of flour and 1/2 of water, but in your video you make 4 rotis and you say to use 1/2 c of flour and 1/2 c of water…do you mean 1/4 c of water?

    Thank you!


  43. I have purchased the silpat (silicone mat) to make the roti as you show in this segment but it does not stay in place when I am rolling the roti on it. Any advice?

    1. I’ve not tried with a silpat, but when I have a cutting board that won’t stay still I put a damp kitchen towel under it to keep it steady.

  44. hi manjula ji,
    this is priya.. i have tried many of ur recipes at home.. and they came out really well… awesome recipes.. being a south indian, ive tried the north indian dishes and they were so delicious.. but i always have problem wit rotis/ chapathis.. they come out being very hard or become hard after 5 mins.. what kind of atta do u use..? do rotis come out well wit sujata atta..?

  45. Hello Aunty ,

    Is it possible to roll the chapathis and refrigerate for later use??(just thaw when we are ready to eat??)..Normally i get fluffy chapathis ..Yday i rolled my chapathis for my tiffin box and stored it in the fridge..morning i tried to thaw them ..but it didn’t come out good at all.Any suggestions??Thank you.I love all your recipes.

  46. Dear Manjula,

    I really appreciate your videos for so many reasons 🙂 I was not taught these recipes growing up. I found myself yearning to become closer to Desi culture as I grew older due to the lack of it during my younger years, learning these recipes helps me to become closer to it. I thank you!!!!! Please continue to share your talents with us.


  47. Hello Manjula ji,
    It’s great to see your excellent recipes. I get time to cook only once in a months time. Please let me know how can I reserve cooked parathas and rotis for at least thirty days.
    Dr. Sudha Madan

  48. Hi Manjula,

    I am living in germany. My daugther visited me during chrismas and her gift for me were all your wunderfull spices, she cooked your recipes ..and at the end I got a virus named “Manjula *g*!
    Now I`m learning from you every day and night. You are very sympathic and it is a pleasure for me to learn delicious recipes from you. Thank you very much for this.
    But do me a pleasure..just smile a little bit in your next video; just for me, will you please?
    A big hug and alle the best for you in 2010!

  49. I have been trying to make rotis for a good while and you make it seem so peaceful and easy. After watching your video and after trying several times, I finally accomplished a roti! Thank you for your videos. I love them!


  50. Dear Manjula Im Brazilian girl trying to make Indian Receips, but sometimes its so hard to find in Brazil some ingredients,
    I have one doubt in Samosa, its really necessary to use Semolina Flour?

    Thank you so much!

  51. thanks a lot for the correct amount of the ingredients because it was always confusing for me..until the making of these rotis i think i am pretty good but the softness of the rotis is still an un answered to correct that deedi…please help

  52. Hi Aunty

    Im jus cooking for abt 6 mnths. Oly after seeing ur videos i got the confidence to try out chappati. But my first rial s a flop. I culd nt understand wat might ve gone wrong. Its not puffing up. May be im rolling it tooo thin??? I need ur help here. Also it ll b great if u guide me in choosing chappati flour. Thnak u soo much 🙂

  53. Hi Manjula ji,

    Your recipe has been very helpful for me, but I need to know that one cup makes 8 rotis.. what should be the size of each ball approx… my chapatis puff up but are a bit thick.. maybe i take more dough in each ball.. kindly guide..

  54. What a great video! Mine also did not bubble up (though they still tasted good!) so I will look forward to hearing any additional hints about that. I will start by kneading more next time and maybe using more water. (They seemed too dry to bubble.) Anyway, thank you!

    1. For as simple as these little breads look, it takes practice to start to get them right (the right dough, rolling it out, and the right stove temperature).

      To puff, there has to be enough water to create steam while the bread is cooking. If a crack develops while cooking, the steam will escape but your bread should still taste good.

      It’s a fine line between rolling it too thick or too thin. What’s important is to try to roll it evenly so one area isn’t thin and another thick.

      Keep practicing! We’ve all been there. 🙂

  55. Dear aunty,

    I knead the dough well and keep it for 10-15 mins before making roti. But I don’t know why my rotis never puff up. My mother in India uses an iron skillet on which she keeps the roti for 5-10 seconds and then uses a ‘chimtaa’ or pair of tongs to keep the roti directly under the flame where it puffs up very well. But mine are always flat. Does the quality of flour also matter? I live in France.


  56. hello !!
    i tried the recipe was great to make it im from south america and we dont have this kind of bread ,, was very easy to make and tastes very good ,, i really loved it ,, thank you for your recipe Manjula.

  57. I’m testing this recipi right now 🙂
    I got the tip from a swedish online community.
    Your website is great. My goal is to test everything here, starting with Roti.
    Ceep up the good work!
    /Louisa in Sweden

  58. Hi Manjula Aunty,

    Thank you so much for this recipe and video. I am a student in US and tried making rotis first time and they turned out great with your help!!

    Thank you!

  59. Thank you so much! A son recently married into an Indian family. I need to learn how to cook the meals for future grandchildren. Also, roti helps to prevent bloating of my stomach and cuts down on craving for bread after eating only two. Thank you so much, I am going to practice cooking some roti now after seeing the mistakes I made before seeing your video.


  60. I noticed that some of your recipes have different video instructions and different printed instructions.

    For example when I read the instructions to make roti its says makes 8, use 1 cup flour and 1/2 cup water,
    while your video makes 4, use 1/2 cup flour and 1/2 cup water…

    This really makes this confusing for a beginner, please correct whichever recipe is not right…


    1. Hello Samira,
      Sorry, in first few videos, I have made some obvious mistakes. I do try that video instructions and printed instructions stay same, still I do make mistakes.
      About roti ½ cup flour and ¼ cup water or 1 cup flour and ½ cup water. But still take the water measurement as a guide line. Depends on flour some time it can be little more or less.

  61. I LOVE THIS BREAD! Because I love to eat natural foods this is the bread for me. It has few ingredients and is tasty as well. My daughter can’t get enough. We make it 3 times a week and have it for breakfast or lunch.
    Thanks a bunch 🙂

  62. Dear Manjula Aunti,

    Thank you very much for this recipe.
    I recently shifted with my husband to a new house where we have electric stove. And we realised we could never make chapatis on it, as traditional chapatis require fire to puff up. We had lost all hope.

    But thanks to your recipe we found on internet ! We tried it and the chpatis came out very good. Now we make chapatis every other day 🙂 Thanks very much !

    Also I have noticed that none of your recipies contain onion & garlic. We don’t eat onions and garlic and so your recipies are just what we were lokking for. Thanks , all your recipies are wonderful !

    1. Hello Aarti,
      you can still make the roti traditional way. if you have electric stove use cake cooling rack over the burner and make roti over like you will on gas stove. Cooling rack prevents roti not to stick to burner. Good luck

  63. aunty ur the cutest..;-) thank you so much for all ur recipes..i tried ur aloo paratha and roshogolla..both turned out great….
    i never even dreamt that i could make those..thank u so much…hugs!

  64. Wow! I love your website. I am so glad I found it. I was looking for a good chapati recipe, and I’m so excited that it comes with video instruction. I am also happy to see that you have an electric range, because I watched relatives making it over a gas stove, but I only have an electric stove. I am excited about trying to make my first batch. Thank you!!!!

  65. Hello Aunty,
    I have the round rolling stone from india for the past 5 years. I bought a big rolling pin from a local American store. Its very good but too big for my stone base. I see from your video, you have a rectangular mat. Looks like a plastic sheet to me. Is it reusable or disposable. Advice me on what and where to buy.

  66. I am an Indian cuisine lover. With your videos that I discovered yesterday I made roti. Watching you everything looks so easy but the result I got, was not the best one. Roti did not puffed up, so probably it is why they were more similar to a chewing gum than to Indian bread. I have read all the above comments and now I know more (I think). Tomorrow I will try to make roti again, I hope it will be a successful attempt. Thanks for all your recipes, they are great! All the best for you.

  67. hi
    i am from india, i have a question that how long roti can be fresh in refrigerator, as my husband is going on tour for one month and he wants me to pack some rotis for his meal.

  68. This is highly informative. I like people who also give storage information as well. There is this alternative to samosas which I once saw on ITV whereby some batter like dough (in between runny and non sticky) was used to coat filling. It was but on palm, they put filling in then wrapped it around filling into a ball shape. I couldn’t quite get everything properly as the ingredients and name moved too fast across the screen and I had caught it in the middle already. Must be something that is served during some occasion. The channel is moslem but the ladies who do recipes are Indian. Please if you can send me recipe or show it here I will be grateful.


  69. Dear Manjula,
    your tacit knowledge is the best. I have tried for years to make roti, but alas it could stone a dog. Now, with your lovely video, my rotis puffed and were soft and delicious. I used a Lodge logic cast iron round griddle. Definitely have to let others know about your website.

  70. if your pan is hot enough, but not too hot the Roti will puff, I also use a cast iron fry pan; it works the best. when you flip the Roti
    Roti-just lightly touch it with an egg turner in a circular motion it will puff.

    1. Chapati is the unleavened bread made in India to eat with food, not much different than the unleavened breads (such as Pita bread or Lavash) cooked and eaten with meals throughout much of the Middle East and Asia. Chapati just happens to be the name used in northern India and typically it is rolled out to about 6 to 8 inches in diameter, but can be larger.

    1. hmm… at the third flip you kind of press down with a cloth.. and then it would puff up (or swell). (you flip right after you see it getting some minor bubbles..)

      1. oh and gotta make sure the dough is not too soft or too hard.. about the pressing to make it puff; never press to hard or too much because roti might become hard and flat.

    2. hey joe
      it depends on many things…like maybe the dough wasn’t soft enuf….or u didn’t roll the roti evenly(not the shape but thickness shud be equal)…or u didn’t flip it at the right time…or u din’t try to swell it at the right time….normally u shud try to swell it up we u have flipped it twice and see some bubbles…press the roti lightly with a cloth,paper towel or even a plastic flat spatula..depending on ur comfort…..hope this works for u..

  71. Dear Manjula ji,

    I was wondering what surface you used to roll the Rotis on. Thank you for posting such nice and helpful videos. I am hooked to your website.


  72. I am so happy to have found this site. Can I use white all purpose flour for this recipe?
    I only ask because my kids to not like whole wheat.

    Thank you!

  73. Hello Manjula,

    I’ve tried many ways of making rotis and i always have trouble making it puff up and keeping it light. I also have a hard time with the dough shrinking back after rolling it out. Is there any advice you could please give me?

    Thank you very much! I love your website!

  74. nice 2 hear that u r from U.P. By the way,can i know from which dist do u belong to since i m also from U.P. and always enjoying with ur recipes…..Great job keep it up..

  75. Namaste Manjula Kaku (Aunty),
    I have seen your various receipes on youtube & immediately tried Bhendi Masala which turned out to be very delicious.
    The Most Appreciable thing about your receipes is that they are very simple to cook & involve least & common ingredients.
    Another surprise in your receipes is that they all are without onion & garlic but still taste the best.

    I wish you a very great success in your Cooking Career. Can I know where do you stay in US?
    Do you conduct cooking classes also?

    Looking forward to your reply.

    Thanks & Luv,

      1. Namaste Manjula Kaku,
        Thanks for your quick reply….i know how busy you must be replying for so many queries…
        I need your advice on Durum wheat flour which is made of Durum Wheat & Wheat Bran. I know you have clarified elsewhere
        to use Durum whole wheat but our package does not say Whole wheat. The problem is this flour is very sticky while
        kneating the dough & goes difficult while rolling Chapatis. Can you give a tip on avoiding this stickyness?

  76. Manjulaji,

    I’ve been following and using your recipes for a while now, and I’m a big fan of your youtube channel! I have a couple of questions: Can I use durum wheat flour to make rotis? why not? Also, if I want to refrigerate the rotis, how do I keep them soft while reheating? they tend to become hard and chewy..

  77. Namaste Manjula!
    thank you for this easy to follow chapati recipe. I have 2 questions: my chapatis do not seem to puff all over. What should i do?
    do chapatis freeze well?

  78. Thank you so much for posting your videos and recipes. It helps so much and you’re such a great teacher. I made the roti tonight and it was great 🙂 Your site — like you — is a treasure! Thank you!

  79. Hello Aunty,
    What is the brand of whole wheat flour that you are using to make these wonderfully puffed rotis. Not even a single day goes by without browsing your recipies. God bless you.

  80. oh, manjula! i have been making roti for years, but never achieved the signature balloon like puff until watching your video. it was like magic in my kitchen last night. learning through your videos feels like i am a tot learning by your side. i am so grateful! please keep up the good work.

  81. Hello Aunty

    I tried very hard to make nice rotis but they dont seems to look as good as yours… and no bubble :-/
    Now I think its coz I use oil for frying and you dont!
    Today I will try again as you shown on video… wish me luck

  82. hello Manjula, your recipes are delicious, and the amount of effort and time you spend on this website is amazing!

    I have a quick question. I can not seem to find a direct answer.

    What is the difference between Naan, Paratha, and Chapati?


    1. Hi Alex:
      Naan: bread dough is made with yeast and allowed to raise. The naans are BAKED in an oven, not cooked in a griddle on top of the stove. Naan are puffier because of the yeast. You can spread ghee on one side after it’s done cooking.

      Parantha: dough is made with water, wheat flour, and oil or ghee are added for richness. They are cooked on a griddle on top of the stove. As they cook, oil or ghee are drizzled on the parantha for golden color and crispness. While cooking, they are pressed down with a spatula to prevent them from puffing up.

      Chapati: the most basic Indian bread made with water and wheat flour. They are cooked on a griddle on top of the stove. When they have cooked on both sides, they are briefly put directly onto the stove flame to puff up (if you have a gas stove). You can spread a little ghee on one side after they are cooked.

      All breads are best served promptly after cooking. You can keep them longer (ie waiting for guests to arrive) by wrapping them in foil so they don’t get hard.

      Jaya A.

    1. Hello Sony,
      Sorry, Making roti on low heat, using too much dry flour while rolling, dough is not knead enough or dough is not very soft all these things can make roti dry.
      I will do the another video soon on roti and talk little more making dough and rolling.

  83. Hello

    I tried your recipe but I must be doing something wrong, i’ve made Roti’s before back home in the UK but here they seem to come out crispy 🙁 I purchased some whole wheat flour and used that (it isn’t white whole wheat… just regular, does that make a difference?) and I do not have a skillet so I used a wide, non stick frying pan – other than that, i followed your directions… For some reason they didn’t puff up when I was cooking them and like i said they were all crispy. Am i rolling them too thin? Am I using too much flour? Do you have any tips as to how i can get the Roti soft? What am i doing wrong?

    Thanks so much for your help, i’m hoping practice will make perfect 🙂

  84. Thanks for your recepi..i stay at Malaysia. Recently my mom fall sick(Diabetis), the doctor recommend her to eat chapati, i already bought the ingrediants, tonight will try to cook, hope will sucess..Thank you

  85. hi, a big thank you for sharing you recipes, im english but love to cook indian foods, i have made rotis before but have just learnt a few tips. i will be trying more of you recipes as my family love them.
    thanks angel

  86. 伯母 (Aunty in Chinese),
    I’m an American girl living in China. Bread in China is often sweet so it makes good breakfast food. But, it is too sweet for other recipes. Ovens are NOT common here so your Roti recipe is WONDERFUL! Now I can make bread! Thank you so much for your hard work! Next, I will try to make Gulab jamuns!
    谢谢 thank you,
    Alexandra (张雅莉)

  87. Hai miss. manjula,
    all of your recipes are really good. i have a question for you what kind of sheet that you are using to roll the rotis please let me know.

    geetha r

  88. Hello Manjula Aunty,
    All your receipes are amazing and the food turns out absolutely awesome. Have tried most of your receipes. Looking forward for more receipes!!!

  89. Woo!
    I was able to get them to puff.
    I used all purpose flour this time. My wheat is a pastry flour and i think i didn’t develop the gluten enough. I added a dash of curry powder to them… yummy.

    namaste ji!

  90. Dear Madam,

    I just saw your site through the you tube. I really like your way of showing the recipes through videos and i feel as if am in a cookery class.
    Most importantly i should mention the way you give tips which makes us to enhance our cooking. Hats off to you madam and i hope you keep going with more recipes in future.

  91. Thank you so much for your wonderful web site!
    I love to cook and when i am camping I don’t have my oven with me to make bread. I think these are going to be a big hit next summer if i can get them to work. 🙂
    I just tried tonight and they didn’t puff much… the bread had two skins, and could be peeled apart, but not the beautiful puffing you achieve. from other comments it’s likely that i didn’t knead enough. My dough was fairly delicate and didn’t lift as easily as yours. The video said 1/2 cup water, but I see that that should be 1/4 cup. (or generically 2 parts flour to 1 part water if you don’t have a measuring cup.) For those looking for a smooth surface, I used a plastic cutting mat (back side, was smooth, without any knife scores.) I think i purchased 3 for $1.
    A silicon baking sheet was also mentioned, but much more expensive.

    Thanks again!
    namaste ji!

  92. Hi Monica,
    That’s great that you tried roti. DON’T get discouraged. Roti making is an acquired art! The more you make them the quicker you will improve. Making the dough and rolling are just something that improves with practice.

    To make them thicker, start with a larger ball of dough and don’t over-roll it. As it gets thinner, lift it into your hands and check the thickness. If it’s too thick, give it another roll or two and check again.

    Good luck, Jaya

  93. hello aunty,
    can u tell me how to preserve chapathi for a week.
    my plan is to make excess chapathi on weekend,so that on weekdays whn i come home after work,just heat chappati n eat.

  94. hey auntie,
    thanks so much for this recipe, i am a starter with indian cooking i want to learn because my fiance is indian and you made roti so easy to make.

  95. Hi Emily,
    Rice rotis are south Indian which is a whole cooking style of its own. Very delicious, but quite different from north Indian cooking that you see here.
    Now you have a good excuse to go back to India. 🙂

  96. I really enjoy your videos, they make it easy to understand the process of cooking for my Indian husband. I was wondering if you had a recipe for Rice Rotis. When I visited my husbands family in Bangalore and Mercera, they made delicious rice rotis, but I couldn’t get the hang of it. or remember the recipe. Thanks!

  97. Hi Lena,
    If you don’t have a measuring cup, then use a tea cup to measure the flour and slowly add water while mixing until the dough starts to form.

    When possible, try to purchase a set of measuring cups and measuring spoons. It will make using these recipes MUCH easier and more accurate.

  98. Dear Manjula!
    I’m from Viet Nam, I very like Indian foods and need more learn to make all recipes of yours
    In this recipe of Roti, Chapati, because I only have the scale, don’t have the cup: 1 cup flour = 140g, 1/2 cup water = 120ml are OK ?
    If it’s right, I think the dough is very wet, because I always make 100g flour and 55 or 60ml water is maximum. Thanks

  99. hi aunty,
    i was wondering what you use as a surface to roll out your rotis. i have a chakla belan but i liked your flat surface. what is it? where can i get it?

  100. Thank you so much Manjula for your great website and especially the instructional videos! I have made the Chapati 3 times now and each time the whole process gets easier and they turn out better and better. I just wanted to add that I use a very heavy, large, cast-iron skillet. I noticed my first Roti would always turn out best and puff up huge, but next ones wouldn’t as much or at all. It seems that some excess flour would come off each Roti as I cook them in pan and would burn holes in the next Rotis, so the air would escape and they would not puff up. So now I use an all copper scrubber in between each Roti cooking and they all seem to puff up now. This cast iron skillet also seems to get very hot on my electric stove, so I have to keep it at medium to med-high. Just thought I would add my experience and hope this may help someone that is having similar problems as I did with holes being made in the Rotis and then causing them to not hold the steam. You really have to keep at it and experiment with what you have to use because everything is a little different in everyone’s home kitchen!

    Thank you!!!



  103. This recipe, like all of yours, is so easy to follow, and the results are assured. I only wish I could roll them out like you do. What a skill!
    Thank you for posting so many great instructional videos. They are especially helpful for those of us who are just learning with the spices and techniques of India/Nepal/Tibet/etc.
    Chapatis and tamarind chutney turned out great.

    Thanks again

  104. In my experience, the only reason a roti is square is because it takes plenty of practice to roll them out to be round.

    I doubt they are making them square on purpose. It’s just the shape that comes out if they don’t roll out round. But they should still taste good!

  105. Hi Poonam,
    What aunty is using is called a ‘Non-stick Rolling Mat”. They are made of silicone and have an ultra smooth surface so that you can roll out things like dough without it sticking.

    Williams Sonoma stores sell them in their stores and on-line. You can search on the web too for other U.S. stores that carry them. You can also try specialty cooking/baking stores. Ask for the non-stick rolling mat and they should be able to tell you quickly if they sell it or not. Good luck. 🙂

  106. Dear Aunty,
    Thanks for this recipe, can u let me know what board were u using to roll ur rotis on coz I also have a tile counter top in my kitchen and where can I find the same as u are using. I live in San Diego, CA

  107. Thanks Manjula ji!
    I have 3 Indian roommates from MP and they were very surprised by my aloo paratha and chapati cooking skills. Because your videos and recipies I actually make these breads better than my roommates can. 😀

  108. Try to use the wheat flour sold by Indian grocers because it is ground to the fineness needed for Indian breads. Wheat flours from American grocery stores or health food stores may be too coarse because they are intended for bulkier bread baked with yeast.

    If your in a bind and don’t have Indian wheat flour, try half regular wheat flour and half white flour mixture.

    As in my other replies, locate either an Indian grocery store tha you can drive to once every few months, or if that’s not possible locate one that does mail orders.

  109. Dear Ms Manjula,
    I’m a “househusband” from Vigo (Galicia).I’ve just found your website and I think it is fantastic, full of interesting receips and tips. Today I’ve done chapati and rasgulla and they were a success!!. My wife and daughters liked them very much. Rasgulla is very similar to our “requeixo” (curd cheese) when mixed with sugar, cream and whipped. My elder daughter (6) has stuffed her chapati with tomato and potato omelette and she has enjoyed it really!!
    Thank you so much for sharing your knowledge!,

  110. Hi Manjula,

    Thank you for your recipe and the video. I made roti twice by following your instruction. It came out really good. I love it.
    I love roti. But most of the time, I bought it. Unil I found your website and tried to make it. Wow…it was so good and very easy to make. I also introduced your website to my friends too.

    Again…thank you.

  111. Hi there
    Thanks so much for a great website for us novices. Could you please tell me how well far in advance I can make these rotis and if I can roll them out and freeze them?
    I really think your recipes are quick and easy to follow. Great work!

    South Africa

  112. hello madam, i have great interest in all your recipes. I read them and do them and enjoy. I want to know the recipe of sweet puffed roti of toor dal or say puran poli (in gujarat). Can you please help me for this recipe. Thank you.

  113. Hi Manjula,
    I was very happy to discovered your website recently. So far I have tried the potato curry and chapati recipes. Both turned out good.
    Thank you and the video makes it a lot easier to learn.

    But my chapati did no puff up as much as your when I lightly press on the puffed parts. It did puff up on some parts and when I lightly press on those parts, it did not make the other parts puff up.

    Do you know what I am doing wrong? Thanks

  114. To Maheen:
    Usually my first roti is the test roti. Cook one, depending on whether or not it puffs up, adjust the heat before cooking more.

    Also, you have to figure out your own stove. One stove may cook roti well on medium high, while another person’s stove may need to be on high to be equal to the medium high of the first person’s stove.

    Keep experimenting with temperature and see if that helps.

  115. Hi Manjula,

    I made roti last night, but they did not puffed like your, I have electric oven just like yours, wondering what heating temprature do you set to make roti?

  116. Hi Manjula,
    I just wanted to thank you for your great recipes! Especially the “Roti, Chapati (Flat Indian Bread)”. My baking class and I made it and it turned out SOO good! 🙂 Everyone wanted some! 🙂
    Thanks again,

  117. Hi Manjula.. I just wanted to thank you for all your wonderful recipes! I tried this recipe but also added 1/4 cup of milled flaxseed for added health benefits (I also used whole wheat flour) and made the dough (a little extra water was needed). They cooked up fine but did not puff up while cooking. Did I maybe roll them too thin? Do you think the flax seed flour keep them from puffing? They still taste fine but was looking for them to do what yours did. What do you think went wrong?

  118. Hi Manjula,

    how can I make big number of Chapati or Paratha (30 to 40) some hours before guests will come and have them as fresh, hot and good as if they just came out of the pan?


  119. Hi Manjula,

    I am a big fan of your recipes.
    Please let me know which brand of wheat flour do you use ?
    Is it golden temple / Pillsburry or what ?

    Thank You,

  120. Folks in the Atlanta, GA area may want to know they can find chapati flour in small quantities at DeKalb Farmers’ Market, sold in plastic tubs alongside all the other flours. This is great for those of us who don’t want to buy a huge sack ! That said, I have made chapatis with King Arthur White Whole Wheat flour, and they have worked well.

  121. A hint for all readers, in Indian grocery stores, you can ask for “Atta Flour”. I’ve also had good results with “Sharps Flour”, which is a grade (fineness) that they mill the flour to.

  122. Lee, Rotis become hard because after each individual roti is made, they should be covered immediately so the steam keeps the rotis soft. The reason your rotis may not puff because the dough is not knead enough and may be dough should have been little softer.

  123. hi there manjula
    i have tried exactly this way you show but my roti dont puff up at all and when i take them out the pain they are nice but hard like crunchy flat biscuit
    what have i done wrong?

  124. Hi Manjula,

    First, I love your website and your YouTube videos – thank you for sharing them!

    I just tried your roti recipe. I used stone ground (a course grain) whole wheat flour. I think it is too heavy for this recipe as my roti came out very solid and would not puff. Am I correct in thinking you are using a finely ground whole wheat flour? I will try again using a finer whole wheat flour and post my results.

    Thank you!!

  125. Manjula,

    Thank you very much for this recipe — I couldn’t have done it without your very instructional video and I cannot wait to try your naan recipe. If I wanted to make onion or chile naan, when would I add those to the bread?

    Also, for rolling the roti, I did it by hand, but next time, I think I’m going to simply use my pasta rolling machine … I will try to remember to let you know the results.

  126. Dear Manjula Aunty:

    Do you have any recommendations for a roti maker, that you know works well/does not overheat, etc.

    Thanks for your opinion.



  127. Hi Manjula Aunty,

    Thanks a lot for posting yummy recipes on your website.
    I prepared rotis as per your recipe, and the rotis cme out very good.
    But then, I am unable to roll the rotis with the same ease as you do. I agree it is a matter of experience:) But then, I need to press the dough in dry flour atleast thrice, otherwise it starts sticking.
    Is there anything wrong with my dough (I mean is it too soft)? Or am I pressing the rotis too hard?
    It would be of great help if you could post a detailed video on pressing the rotis, so that I can benefit from the same.


  128. Thank you for all your wonderful recipes and sharing them with us!

    It would be great if there was an option to Print the recipe, or a Print view.

    Peace and joy!

  129. Hello Sue, can be few reason, are you covering the roti after making each, may be dough is too hard, need to knea the dough more, skillet is not hot enough. these are some reason I can think.

  130. Manjula, I believe I am following the recipe but my rotis don’t puff up and they come out very crispy…like crackers…what am I doing wrong?

  131. Loved your video and recipe… can’t wait to try it. I just got back from Trinidad where my mother in law made roti and used a microwave to puff it up. Wish I had the complete recipe but I will let you know when she visits me in the Bronx. Are you familiar with this way of puffing the roti?

  132. Thank you very much Manjula!
    Learning how to cook Inidan food add an another layer of the understanding different culture and people who broaden my perspectives. Please keep posting your video!
    By the way, if you are planning to visit Tampa, FL. Please be my guest.

    Thanks again.

  133. Hello Adrian, you can use the whole wheat flour you buy from any grocery store. It will be darker in color and will be little more coarse but roti will be good another thing you have to be careful just make the dough 10 to 15 minutes before you will make roti othwise dough will start changing the color.

  134. Dear Manjula,

    I am curious to know that regular wheat flour from any grocery stores can be used as a substitute. I went to an Indian grocery store to buy whole wheat flour named “golden temple(?)”, it was little bit out of my price range(about $10).

    Thank you very much!

  135. Hi manjula,

    i am so glad that you started a web site i am so happy abt this. I am a regular visitor of your recipies in you tube.

    I have few question regarding chapthi

    1. how thick the chapathi should be rolled out?
    2. after preparing chapathis they get dry out and become hard how can i prevent it and keep it soft for an hour atleast
    3. only some of my chapathis blow like a baloon but others dont blow up whats the problem with my preparation.

    Please help me out i want to be a good chapathi maker 🙂


  136. woW. it’s dat easy. i’m going to start doing it myself. i love this stuff with curry or sardines dats how we serve it in malaysia…. oil less and gr8 for diet. i’m loving it

  137. Dear Manjula ,

    First of all i want to say you have a very nice site were people can learn much from the indian cithen , but i have a qustion , i alway’s try to make chapati but from the moment i put it in the fire there are no bubbels coming on the chapati so it don’t go as a balloon like in the movie you show on this site , what i do wrong , i have also a special chapati pan one that i bring with me from india but in that one its also not working..
    The flour that i use is weat flour i by that one here in Belgium in a indian shop but the different on my flour is more brown and yours look very white..
    Please can you help me..

    Best regards

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